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  • Woodman Cleaves, F. (edit.), Manual of Mongolian Astrology and Divination, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1969. (French and Mongolian)


  • Bell, J., A Journey from St Petersburg to Pekin, 1719-22, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1965.
  • Onon, U., My Mongolian World. From Non Bridge to Cambridge, Folkeston (UK), Global Oriental, 2006.


  • Gunin, P. D., Vostokova E. A. (et al.),Vegetation Dynamics of Mongolia, Dordrecht- Boston-London, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.
  • Manibazar, N., C. Sanchir, Flowers of Hustai National Park, Ulaanbaatar, 2018. (Hustai National Park)


  • Rees, L. M., Mongolian Film Music. Tradition, Revolution and Propaganda, Dorchester, Dorset Press, 2015. (See also: Music)


  • Silova, I., G. Steiner-Khamsi, How NGOs React. Globalisation and Education Reform in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Mongolia, Bloomfield (USA), Kumarian Press, 2008.


  • Meinert, C., Nature, Environment and Culture in East Asia. The Challenge of Climate Change, Leiden – Boston, Koninklijke Brill NV, 2013.


  • Bulag, U. E., Collaborative Nationalism. The Politics of Friendship on China’s Mongolian Frontier, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc., Plymouth, 2010.
  • Dashdondog, B.,The Mongols and the Armenians (1220 – 1335), Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2011.
  • Cohen, D., Conquerors on Horseback. The nomad empires of Atila, Chingis Khan, and Timur, New York, Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970.
  • Curtin, J., (with an introduction by Theodore Roosevelt), The Mongols. A History, Pennsylvania, Combined Books, 1996 (originally published by Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1908).
  • Dashdondog, B., The Mongols and the Armenians (1220 – 1335), Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2011.
  • Iggulden, C., Genghis. Birth of An Empire, New York, Delacorte Press, 2007.
  • Kolbas, J., The Mongols in Iran. Chingiz Khan to Uljaytu 1220-1309, Oxon, Routledge, 2006.
  • May, T., The Mongolian Art of War, Yardley (USA), Westholme Publishing, 2007.
  • Sasaki, R. J., The Origins of the Lost Fleet of the Mongol Empire, Texas A&M University Press, 2015.
  • Sneath, D., Kaplonski C. (edit.), The History of Mongolia. The Pre-Chinggisid Era of Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire (vol. I & II), Folkestone, Global Oriental, 2010.
  • Wheatherford, J., Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, New York, Crown Publishers, 2003.

Horse Riding

  • Bayarsaykhan, B., Traveling by Mongolian Horse, Ulaanbaatar, Bit press Co., 2005.
  • Caro, O., Soviet Empire. The Turks of Central Asia and Stalinism, New York, St Martin’s Press, 1967.
  • Murphy, G. G. S., Soviet Mongolia. A Study of Oldest Political Satellite, Berkeley-Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1966.
  • Rywkin, M., Russian in Central Asia, New York, Collier Books, 1963.
  • Sablin, I., Governing Post-Imperial Siberia and Mongolia, 1911 – 1924. Buddhism, Socialism, and nationalism in state and autonomy building, New York – Oxon, Routledge, 2016.
  • Vásáry, I., Turks, Tatars and Russians in the 13th- 16thCenturies, Hampshire- Burlington, Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2007.
  • Sneath, D., Changing Inner Mongolia. Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000.


  • Laumalin, C. & M., The Kazakhs. Children of the Steppes, Folkestone, Global Oriental, 2009.
  • Shayakhmetov, M., The Silent Steppe.The Memoir of a Kazakh Nomad Under Stalin, New York, Overlook/Rookery Press, 2007.


  • Janhunen, J. (edit), The Mongolic Languages, London-New York, Routledge, 2011.


  • Gal: Mongolia’s Last Underground Poets, Mongolia, Num Press Publishing, 2015.
  • Gerasimovich, L. K., History of Modern Mongolian Literature (1921 – 1964), Bloomington (Indiana), The Mongolian Society, 1970.
  • Mend-ooyo, G. (edit), S. Wickham Smith (transl.), Ulaanbaatar, Mongolian Academy of Culture and Poetry, 2008.
  • Metternich, H. R., Mongolian Folktales, illustrated by Norovsambuugiin Baatartsog, Seattle, Avery Press, 1996. An introduction has been written by the eminent authority on folktales in Mongolia, Dr. Pureviin Khorloo.


  • Bold, S., History and Development of Traditional Mongolian Medicine, Ulaanbaatar, 2002.

Modern Mongolia

  • Cheney, G. A.,The Pre-revolutionary Culture of Outer Mongolia in “The Mongolia Society Occasional Papers”, (n. 5), Bloomington (Indiana), The Mongolia Society, 1968.
  • Montagu I., Land of Blue Sky. A Portrait of Modern Mongolia, London, Dobson Books Ltd., 1956.
  • Sanders, A. J. K., The People’s Republic of Mongolia. A General Reference Guide, London-New York, Oxford University Press, 1968. (See also: Nomadism)


  • Thomason, J. W. Junior, Salt Winds and Gobi Dust, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York – London, 1934.
  • Batsaikhan, Emgent Ookhnoi, Bogdo Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, The Last King of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Admon, 2009.


  • Bat-Ochir, Bold,Mongolian Nomadic Society. A Reconstruction of the ‘Medieval’ History of Mongolia, Richmond, Curzon Press, 2001.
  • Cohen, D., Conquerors on Horseback. The nomad empires of Atila, Chingis Khan, and Timur, New York, Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970.
  • Humphrey, C., E. Sneath, The End of Nomadism?, Durham, Duke University Press, 1999.
  • Khazanov, A. M., A. Wink (edit.), Nomads in the Sedentary World, Richmond, Curzon Press, 2011.
  • Leonard, W. R., M. H. Crawford, Human Biology of Pastoral Population, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002. (See also: economy)


  • Sundev, G., Birds of Mongolia (A photographic guide to). Mongolian birds in different natural zones, Gombobaatar, Mongolian Ornithological Society, 2010.


  • Bamana, G. (edit.), Christianity and Mongolia, proceeding of the Antoon Mostaert Symposium on Christianity and Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, 2006.
  • Heissig, W., The Religions of Mongolia, (transl. from German edition by Samuel, G.), Barkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1980.
  • Lattimore, O., F. Isono, The Diluv Khutagt. Memoirs and Autobiography of a Mongol Buddhist. Reincarnation in Religion and Revolution, Wiesbaden, Otto Harrassowitz, 1982.
  • Saunders, J. J., Muslims & Mongols, Christichurch, Whitcoulls Limited, 1977.


  • Arbachakov, A. & L., The Last of the Shor Shamans, Winchester-Washington, O Books, 2008.
  • Buyandelger, M., Tragic Spirit: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia, Chicago (USA), The University of Chicago Press Book, 2013.
  • Empson, R. (edit), Time, Casuality and Prophecy in the Mongolian Cultural Region. Vision of the Future, Folkestone (UK), Global Oriental, 2006.
  • Hangartner, J., The Constitution and Contestation of Darhad Shamans’ Power in Contemporary Mongolia, Folkestone (UK), Global Oriental, 2011.
  • Pedersen, M. A., Not Quite Shamans, New York, Cornell University Press, 2011. Society (Includes: development, demography).
  • Allsen, T. T., Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia, Cambridge-NY, Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • Badarch, D., Zilinskas R. A.,Mongolia Today. Science, Culture, Environment and Development, New York, RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.


  • Griffin, K. (edit.), Poverty Reduction in Mongolia,Asia Pacific Press, 2003.
  • Lehtinen, I. (edit.), Traces of the Central Asian Culture in the North, in occasion of the Finnish-Soviet join symposium held in Hanasaari, Espoo,
  • January 14th– 21st 1985, published in Helsinki, Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, 1986.
  • Mongol Community and Kinship Structure, New Haven, Hraf Press, 1954.
  • Sabloff, P. L. W. (edit.), Mapping Mongolia: Situating Mongoia in the World from Geological Time to Present, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.

Ulaan Baatar

  • Aldrich, M. A., Ulaanbaatar Beyond Water and Grass. A Guide to the Capital City of Mongolia, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2018.