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RedHero Atlas is a digital and interactive platform conceived to be a tool to virtually explore Mongolia and its society. The Atlas includes more than 100 interviews with a wide range of amateurs and professionals in Mongolia, as well as videos of the most significant landmarks and cultural places in Ulaanbaatar and the surrounding regions. RedHero Atlas serves as an open map to explore Mongolian culture, observing different aspects of society and bringing to light unexpected and unknown Mongolian stories.


RedHero Atlas was born from an idea of video makers Kinonauts & RedHero.

The National Archives of Mongolia


For the development of RedHero Atlas, the collaboration with The National Archives of Mongolia has been, and continues to be, fundamental.


RedHero is a name that has its roots in the popular revolution of 1923 partly lead by the hero Sukbaatar who changed the name of the Mongolian capital from Nislel Khuree (during the Manchu domination) to Ulaanbaatar. In fact, the name of the capital contains many aspects speaking of its birth and growth: the revolutionary momentum, the utopias of the rise and fall of the communist regime, as well as the red colour of the mask of Mahakala, the tantric buddhist deity whose face is often represented in the form of a red mask.


Keeping in mind the current development of the city in relation to its history is an essential element in the socio-cultural investigation that the RedHero project seeks to carry out. For these reasons, in the construction of RedHero Atlas, the team searched for and selected images, photographs and archival films that document the city of Ulaanbaatar during different historical moments throughout the twentieth century. RedHero website keeps updating all materials acquired from the National Archives of Mongolia, available as a public resource, as well as an integration of parts of these documents into videos and interviews made by RedHero over the past four years.




  • Woodman Cleaves, F. (edit.), Manual of Mongolian Astrology and Divination, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1969. (French and Mongolian)


  • Bell, J., A Journey from St Petersburg to Pekin, 1719-22, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1965.
  • Onon, U., My Mongolian World. From Non Bridge to Cambridge, Folkeston (UK), Global Oriental, 2006.


  • Gunin, P. D., Vostokova E. A. (et al.),Vegetation Dynamics of Mongolia, Dordrecht- Boston-London, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.
  • Manibazar, N., C. Sanchir, Flowers of Hustai National Park, Ulaanbaatar, 2018. (Hustai National Park)


  • Rees, L. M., Mongolian Film Music. Tradition, Revolution and Propaganda, Dorchester, Dorset Press, 2015. (See also: Music)


  • Silova, I., G. Steiner-Khamsi, How NGOs React. Globalisation and Education Reform in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Mongolia, Bloomfield (USA), Kumarian Press, 2008.


  • Meinert, C., Nature, Environment and Culture in East Asia. The Challenge of Climate Change, Leiden – Boston, Koninklijke Brill NV, 2013.


  • Bulag, U. E., Collaborative Nationalism. The Politics of Friendship on China’s Mongolian Frontier, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc., Plymouth, 2010.
  • Dashdondog, B.,The Mongols and the Armenians (1220 – 1335), Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2011.
  • Cohen, D., Conquerors on Horseback. The nomad empires of Atila, Chingis Khan, and Timur, New York, Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970.
  • Curtin, J., (with an introduction by Theodore Roosevelt), The Mongols. A History, Pennsylvania, Combined Books, 1996 (originally published by Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1908).
  • Dashdondog, B., The Mongols and the Armenians (1220 – 1335), Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2011.
  • Iggulden, C., Genghis. Birth of An Empire, New York, Delacorte Press, 2007.
  • Kolbas, J., The Mongols in Iran. Chingiz Khan to Uljaytu 1220-1309, Oxon, Routledge, 2006.
  • May, T., The Mongolian Art of War, Yardley (USA), Westholme Publishing, 2007.
  • Sasaki, R. J., The Origins of the Lost Fleet of the Mongol Empire, Texas A&M University Press, 2015.
  • Sneath, D., Kaplonski C. (edit.), The History of Mongolia. The Pre-Chinggisid Era of Chinggis Khan and the Mongol Empire (vol. I & II), Folkestone, Global Oriental, 2010.
  • Wheatherford, J., Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, New York, Crown Publishers, 2003.

Horse Riding

  • Bayarsaykhan, B., Traveling by Mongolian Horse, Ulaanbaatar, Bit press Co., 2005.
  • Caro, O., Soviet Empire. The Turks of Central Asia and Stalinism, New York, St Martin’s Press, 1967.
  • Murphy, G. G. S., Soviet Mongolia. A Study of Oldest Political Satellite, Berkeley-Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1966.
  • Rywkin, M., Russian in Central Asia, New York, Collier Books, 1963.
  • Sablin, I., Governing Post-Imperial Siberia and Mongolia, 1911 – 1924. Buddhism, Socialism, and nationalism in state and autonomy building, New York – Oxon, Routledge, 2016.
  • Vásáry, I., Turks, Tatars and Russians in the 13th- 16thCenturies, Hampshire- Burlington, Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2007.
  • Sneath, D., Changing Inner Mongolia. Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000.


  • Laumalin, C. & M., The Kazakhs. Children of the Steppes, Folkestone, Global Oriental, 2009.
  • Shayakhmetov, M., The Silent Steppe.The Memoir of a Kazakh Nomad Under Stalin, New York, Overlook/Rookery Press, 2007.


  • Janhunen, J. (edit), The Mongolic Languages, London-New York, Routledge, 2011.


  • Gal: Mongolia’s Last Underground Poets, Mongolia, Num Press Publishing, 2015.
  • Gerasimovich, L. K., History of Modern Mongolian Literature (1921 – 1964), Bloomington (Indiana), The Mongolian Society, 1970.
  • Mend-ooyo, G. (edit), S. Wickham Smith (transl.), Ulaanbaatar, Mongolian Academy of Culture and Poetry, 2008.
  • Metternich, H. R., Mongolian Folktales, illustrated by Norovsambuugiin Baatartsog, Seattle, Avery Press, 1996. An introduction has been written by the eminent authority on folktales in Mongolia, Dr. Pureviin Khorloo.


  • Bold, S., History and Development of Traditional Mongolian Medicine, Ulaanbaatar, 2002.

Modern Mongolia

  • Cheney, G. A.,The Pre-revolutionary Culture of Outer Mongolia in “The Mongolia Society Occasional Papers”, (n. 5), Bloomington (Indiana), The Mongolia Society, 1968.
  • Montagu I., Land of Blue Sky. A Portrait of Modern Mongolia, London, Dobson Books Ltd., 1956.
  • Sanders, A. J. K., The People’s Republic of Mongolia. A General Reference Guide, London-New York, Oxford University Press, 1968. (See also: Nomadism)


  • Thomason, J. W. Junior, Salt Winds and Gobi Dust, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York – London, 1934.
  • Batsaikhan, Emgent Ookhnoi, Bogdo Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, The Last King of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Admon, 2009.


  • Bat-Ochir, Bold,Mongolian Nomadic Society. A Reconstruction of the ‘Medieval’ History of Mongolia, Richmond, Curzon Press, 2001.
  • Cohen, D., Conquerors on Horseback. The nomad empires of Atila, Chingis Khan, and Timur, New York, Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970.
  • Humphrey, C., E. Sneath, The End of Nomadism?, Durham, Duke University Press, 1999.
  • Khazanov, A. M., A. Wink (edit.), Nomads in the Sedentary World, Richmond, Curzon Press, 2011.
  • Leonard, W. R., M. H. Crawford, Human Biology of Pastoral Population, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002. (See also: economy)


  • Sundev, G., Birds of Mongolia (A photographic guide to). Mongolian birds in different natural zones, Gombobaatar, Mongolian Ornithological Society, 2010.


  • Bamana, G. (edit.), Christianity and Mongolia, proceeding of the Antoon Mostaert Symposium on Christianity and Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, 2006.
  • Heissig, W., The Religions of Mongolia, (transl. from German edition by Samuel, G.), Barkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1980.
  • Lattimore, O., F. Isono, The Diluv Khutagt. Memoirs and Autobiography of a Mongol Buddhist. Reincarnation in Religion and Revolution, Wiesbaden, Otto Harrassowitz, 1982.
  • Saunders, J. J., Muslims & Mongols, Christichurch, Whitcoulls Limited, 1977.


  • Arbachakov, A. & L., The Last of the Shor Shamans, Winchester-Washington, O Books, 2008.
  • Buyandelger, M., Tragic Spirit: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia, Chicago (USA), The University of Chicago Press Book, 2013.
  • Empson, R. (edit), Time, Casuality and Prophecy in the Mongolian Cultural Region. Vision of the Future, Folkestone (UK), Global Oriental, 2006.
  • Hangartner, J., The Constitution and Contestation of Darhad Shamans’ Power in Contemporary Mongolia, Folkestone (UK), Global Oriental, 2011.
  • Pedersen, M. A., Not Quite Shamans, New York, Cornell University Press, 2011. Society (Includes: development, demography).
  • Allsen, T. T., Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia, Cambridge-NY, Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • Badarch, D., Zilinskas R. A.,Mongolia Today. Science, Culture, Environment and Development, New York, RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.


  • Griffin, K. (edit.), Poverty Reduction in Mongolia,Asia Pacific Press, 2003.
  • Lehtinen, I. (edit.), Traces of the Central Asian Culture in the North, in occasion of the Finnish-Soviet join symposium held in Hanasaari, Espoo,
  • January 14th– 21st 1985, published in Helsinki, Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, 1986.
  • Mongol Community and Kinship Structure, New Haven, Hraf Press, 1954.
  • Sabloff, P. L. W. (edit.), Mapping Mongolia: Situating Mongoia in the World from Geological Time to Present, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.

Ulaan Baatar

  • Aldrich, M. A., Ulaanbaatar Beyond Water and Grass. A Guide to the Capital City of Mongolia, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2018.